Updated August 29th, 2017

Most commonly used wall thickness in building construction are 3″, 5″ and 10″. We generally use cement-mortar for jointing bricks with one another. The ratio of cement-mortar, we use, for 3″ and 5″ thick wall is 1:4 and for 10″ thick brick wall is 1:6.

The ingredients or materials needed for making brick masonry wall are cement, sand and bricks. So, we have to estimate those materials.

To estimate materials for brick masonry wall we need to know the thickness of mortar joint. We put half inch thickness of mortar between bricks for jointing. So our brick size with mortar thickness will be 10″x5″x3″.

Read More: Quality Checklist for Brick Work.

Now lets estimate the materials.

**Materials for 100 square feet 3 inch thick brick masonry wall –**

Area of one brick with mortar = 10″x5″ =0.83’x0.42′ = 0.35 square feet (as our wall is 3″ thick, so we’ll ignore the 3″ side of bricks for estimating bricks).

Bricks needed for 100 sq.ft masonry wall are = 100/0.35 = 285.71 numbers,

say, 286 numbers.

If we take 5% wastage of bricks, then total bricks needed for 100 sq.ft 3″ thick masonry wall are = 285.74 + 5% = 300 numbers.

*Now lets calculate the mortar volume –*

volume of 1 number of brick with mortar is = 10″x5″x3″= 0.83’x0.42’x0.25′ = 0.09 cubic feet (cu.ft).

Without mortar volume of one number of brick is = 9½” x 4½” x 2¾”= 0.79′ x 0.38′ x 0.23’= 0.07 cu.ft.

For 100 square feet (sq.ft) brick wall brick needed 286 nos excluding wastage.

So, mortar volume for 100 sq.ft brick wall is = 286 x (0.09-0.07) = 5.72 cu.ft.

Dry volume of mortar is 5.72×1.54 = 8.81 cu.ft,

Including 5% wastage dry volume of mortar will be 9.25 cu.ft.

As we use 1:4 cement-sand ratio for 3″ brick wall, so cement will be –

cement = 9.25/5 = 1.85 cu.ft.

1 bag cement volume is = 1.25 cu.ft.

So, cement needed 1.85/1.25 = 1.48 bag,

say, 1½ bag.

Sand will be needed for 100 sq.ft 3″ thick brick wall is =9.25/5 x 4= 7.40 cu.ft.

Say, 8 cu.ft.

**Summary**:

Materials needed for 100 square feet 3″ thick brick wall are –

Brick – 300 numbers,

Cement – 1½ bag, and

Sand – 8 cu.ft.

**Practical estimation:**

The above estimation of 100 sq.ft 3″ thick brick wall is correct. But practically I found that the required sand quantity is 10 cu.ft. So, it’ll be better to calculate the required materials for 100 sq.ft 3″ thick brick wall by following manner –

Cement – 1½ bag,

Sand – 10 cu.ft, and

Brick – 300 NOS.

**How to estimate materials for different quantity of 3″ thick brick wall?**

Suppose you need to calculate the required materials for “Y” sq.ft 3″ thick brick wall. You can do this by following way –

Cement – Y x 0.015,

Sand – Y x 0.10, and

Brick – Y x 3.

**YOUR TURN:***How do you estimate materials for brick masonry wall?**If you have any suggestion about this estimation please share in comments…*

dhrjkndwl says

Sir , Thank you. Its a perfect answer. I was looking for this info for last 06 months. I salute u sir.

Now I want to know, how to change the spacing of steel bars when I wish to use 20 mm dia bars inplace of 25 mm bars in steel reinforcement of culvert.

Noyim Uddin says

(Y)

Borhanul Hasan says

Please show for Materials for 100 square feet 5 inch thick brick masonry wall

Borhanul Hasan says

Please show for Materials for 100 square feet 5 inch thick brick masonry wall

Borhanul Hasan says

This comment has been removed by the author.

Asif Mallik says

What does 1.54 stands for

Basheer Ahmed says

sir as per is code what is the wastage considered for 230mm brick work in building Projects.

bricks used is Fly ash bricks

Size of bricks : 230mm X100mmX 75mm

Unknown says

How comes we estimate 300unitwhile forbrick size 3"x4.5"x9"at 10'10'wall wall is 4.5"thick

emad ali says

sir 1 ft ma kitne brick use ho te ha g or 1 ft sqr or 1m q ma g

emad ali says

sir 1 ft ma kitne brick use ho te ha g or 1 ft sqr or 1m q ma g

Jefferson Kiragu says

Please help with an estimate for Sand and cement needed to build 380 sq. Feet. wall in kgs.

Am using bricks of the following dimension L(350mm) W(150mm) H(200mm)

Thanks in advance.

Jefferson Kiragu says

This comment has been removed by the author.

Rahul Gupta says

I have two questions in this estimation

1 . how 5.72×1.54 and

2. How you did 9.25÷5

I want to know please answer me

Rahul Gupta says

Can you tell me

What does stands 1.54

And how 9.45÷5

Rahul Gupta says

Can you tell me

What does stands 1.54 And

How 9.45÷5

Rahul Gupta says

Sorry 9 ow 9.25÷5

Rahul Gupta says

Sorry how 9.25÷5

Why we taken 5 here

Rahul Gupta says

Why we taken 1.54 and 5

mr Jana says

you are great sir…….many many thanks

mr Jana says

perfect solution

Hafiz Bilawal says

hi sir, you asked about 1.54 and 5.

whenever we move wet to dry mortor we use 1.54 constant value .. 5 mean 1:4=5 sum of ration

Jyoti Yadav says

If u want to know anything about construction and interior work then log on to http://www.interiordesignsandshapes.com

Tawseef Chowdhury says

converting from wet mortar to dry you have to multiply with 1.54

Unknown says

1:4 = 1+4 =5 so thats why coming 9.25/5

Bangaldesh says

How much litre or gallon of water should mix ?

Zahid says

You exhibit positive attribs for passing on your acquired knowledge of Civil Engineering towards helping out any person seeking professional guidance.

Very well done Engineer Liton

Continue your relentless Big Effort.