Are you going to start piling work on a new project?
Then you need to do some definite things.
These things will save you from many headaches after starting the piling work.
You can call this a checklist that you need to check every time before starting pile construction.
So, without further ado, let’s discuss the things.
15 Things To Do Before Starting Pile Constructions
No matter, what type of pile foundation you’re going to start, you need to do some preliminary work to complete the task without any disturbance.
Go through this list of things one by one and make sure you complete all.
#1: Level The Ground And Remove Any Obstacles
The plot you’re going to construct pile foundation on may be uneven.
Make sure it is even and easily accessible all through the plot.
Depending on the plot condition, you need to employ workers to do a specific task.
For example, if there are tree roots on the plot then you need to employ workers that are expert to remove tree roots.
If the plot is just uneven and no other things available you can just employ two-three unskilled workers.
Once the plot is leveled and accessible all through, you can now…
#2: Set The Grid Lines Of The Building
Piles are normally shown on the drawing in reference to gridlines like the image below.
Not only that, but the columns are also shown in reference to grid lines.
That means the whole building will stand based on these gridlines.
So, you should place them properly.
Take your time and make gridlines placement perfect.
Read More: How To Set Out A New Building On The Ground?
#3: Marking Pile Points On The Ground
Once you set all the gridlines of the building you can now mark all the pile points on the ground.
Just follow the pile layout plan.
While marking pile points, make sure you mark all the points at once.
If you left some points unmarked, it’ll be difficult for you to mark them later.
Because, there will be piling machinery, materials and many other things.
Once you complete marking, make sure you…
#4: Protect Those Pile Points From Missing
If you don’t protect the pile points, some of them can be missing.
Because, during piling work, you’ll need to shift machinery, materials, etc.
So, you have to protect them from missing.
We simply put a 10mm diameter MS bar for every pile point and put concrete all around the bar. See this image.
Make sure the top end of the steel bar doesn’t pop over the ground level.
#5: Make A Mud Tank
If you’re going to construct bored cast-in-situ piles, you’ll need a mud tank.
A mud tank is just a tank for storing mud-mixed water which comes out from the borehole.
We normally make this on the ground. See the image below:
#6: Determine How To Remove Mud
The mud tank may not so big to store mud-mixed water from all the piles.
So you need to remove them periodically from the mud tank.
It is better if you have a place ready near the plot for this purpose.
It’ll save you time and money.
If you don’t have a place like this, hire someone to remove these.
Generally, piling contractors do this work. But you need to pay.
Whichever option you have, just finalize that before starting the piling work.
#7: Ensure Continuous Water Supply
You’ll need a continuous water supply for boring work, washing borehole, and mixing concrete.
So you need to ensure that you’ll have a water supply source.
If you have a connection with the city’s water supply line that’s fine.
If you don’t have you need to arrange an alternative source.
It can be a deep tubewell.
So, plan to install a deep tubewell before starting the piling work.
#8: Ensure Electric Power Supply
During piling work, you’ll also need the electric power supply for running deep tube-well and for lightening purposes.
Make sure you have a constant power supply either from the city’s electrical source or from a generator.
#9: Make A Labor Shed
The workers involved in piling construction need accommodation.
It can be on the construction site or somewhere else near the site.
So you need to make a labor shed for them.
If you have an available place in your site, make the labor shed there.
Making a labor shed on the construction site will be beneficial for both you and labors. Because it’ll save you a transportation coat as well as time.
If you don’t have sufficient space in your site to make a labor shed, find a place near the site.
#10: Make Sanitary Toilet
It is a must. Every construction site should have a sanitary toilet.
If you have sufficient space in your project, try to make a permanent toilet.
If you don’t have, make a temporary toilet.
While choosing the place for the toilet make sure it won’t hamper your piling work.
So study the pile layout plan and choose a place wisely for that.
#11: Make A Store
Before starting piling work you’ll also need to make a store for keeping various materials like cement, chemicals, and other construction materials.
So, choose a place for making a store outside of the piling area. So that your piling work doesn’t hamper.
#12: Make A Site Office
A site office is essential in a construction project.
You will need to keep drawings and other important documents in a safe place. You’ll also need to hold meetings with contractors, vendors, and workers.
For all these purposes you’ll need a site office.
Like the store, choose a place for making the site office. You can also use a portable site office. So that you can move that whenever you need it.
#13: Prepare A Stock Yard
For piling work, you need to stock various materials. Such as steel bars, stone, sand, etc.
For these, you’ll need a stockyard where you can stock these materials.
We often run short of this place. Because in a construction project we often don’t have that big yard outside of the build-up area.
So we just make this place within the build-up area. After completing the piling work on the rest of the area, we just shift materials to that area and do the piling work on the area which we used as a stockyard before.
#14: Make A Security Post
It’s a common practice that every construction project has some security men.
For them, you’ll need to make a security post.
We normally make a security post with GI angle and Cast iron sheet.
You can also use wooden planks or plywood.
Place the security post at the entrance of the project.
#15: Make A Road For Vehicles
For bringing construction materials, equipment to the project and to remove earth from the site, you often need to allow vehicles into your project.
But the ground of the site may not be strong enough to carry the load of vehicles.
So you need to make a road to access vehicles to your project.
You can use gravel and sand to make the road. Compact the road enough so that the wheels of vehicles don’t be trapped on the ground.
These are the things you normally need to do in a construction project before starting the piling work.
Whenever you need to start piling work in a project, just go through this list of things and do one after another.
I normally visit the site before starting piling work and make a list of all the things that I need to do. And I often find these things that I’ve listed in this post.
You may find some other things that I didn’t include in this post.
Please share those in the comments below. That will be helpful for me and for my readers too.