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Estimate the Neck Column's Reinforcement With these 8 Easy Steps

For complete estimating and costing solution of a construction project we always use computer aided software like Contractor's office. It is time-saving and accurately deliver us what we want.

But for our day to day construction activities, we always do this manually on the project to find the required materials for our tasks.

In this post I'll show how you can estimate the required reinforcement for neck column in 8 easy steps.

As we know a neck column has two types of bars. One is longitudinal bar and another is stirrup.

Longitudinal bars are those which are vertically places in column and stirrup are those which are horizontally provided around longitudinal bars.

So we'll estimate both types of bars in following 8 easy steps.

8 Easy Steps to Estimate Neck Column's Reinforcement

Let's start with the longitudinal bar first.

1. Determining the Number of Longitudinal Bar

Summarise the numbers of same diameter bar separately.

See the image below. There are different diameter of bars in the column section.


estimating, steel reinforcement, neck column
Neck Column: Not scaled and designed

From this image we have found

25mmø bar - 4 nos
20mmø bar - 6 nos

2. Determine the Length of a Longitudinal Bar 

It is not practical to place the longitudinal bar more than 20' long. Another thing to consider is that the full length of a bar is about 40 feet. If you cut them at middle you'll get 20 feet long bar.

So the length of longitudinal bar for the neck column is 20'.

3. Calculating total length of Longitudinal bars

To find the total length of longitudinal bars multiply the length of each bar with the total number of bars of same diameter.

Total number of 25mmø bar = 4 nos
Total numbers of 20mmø bar = 6 nos
Length of each longitudinal bar= 20'

Total length of longitudinal bars 
25mmø bar= 4 x 20' = 80'
20mmø bar= 6 x 20' = 120'

4. Calculating the Weight of Longitudinal Bar

To calculate the weight of bar you should know the unit weight of different diameter bar.

Read the following post to know how to calculate the unit weight of steel reinforcement.

How to Calculate the Unit Weight of Steel Bars

From the above post, we found the unit weight of,

25mmø bar = 1.172 kg/ft, and
20mmø bar = 0.750 kg/ft.

Now multiply the total length of bar with unit weight to find the total weight of bar.

25mmø bar = 80 x 1.172 = 93.76 kg. Say, 94 kg.
20mmø bar =120 x 0.750 = 90 kg.

Now let's move for estimating stirrups of neck column.

5. Determining the Number of Stirrup

To find the number of stirrup you need to know the length of neck column and the spacing of stirrups.

The length of neck column is the distance between the top face of footing and the bottom face of grade beam. Let's assume, neck column length is 5'.

We can find the stirrups specification from the above image. That is 10mmø [email protected]"c/c.

Now divide the neck column's length with the stirrup's spacing.

That means,

=5'/4"+1 (1 additional number should be added)
=16 nos

6. Determine the Length of a Stirrup's Bar

The neck column size we found from the above image is 43" x 23".

That means, the length of column is 43" and width of column is 23".

If we deduct the concrete clear cover from both side, the length of stirrup will be 43"-6"= 37" and width is 23"-6"=17".

The length of bar for a stirrup is,

2 x length of stirrup + 2 x width of stirrups + 2 x hook's length.
= 2 x 37" + 2 x 17" + 2 x 3"
= 114" [12"=1']
=9.5'

7. Calculating Total Length of Bars for Stirrups

To calculate the total length of bars multiply the numbers of stirrups with the bar length of a stirrup.
Total numbers of stirrup = 16 nos
Bar length for a stirrup= 9.5'
Total length of bars = 16 x 9.5 = 152'

8. Calculating the Weight of stirrups

To calculate the weight of stirrup's bar just multiply the unit weight of 10mmø bar with the total length of stirrup's bar.

Unit weight of 10mmø bar = 0.188 kg/ft
Total length of stirrup's bar= 152'
Weight of stirrups bar= 152 x 0.188=28.58 kg, say 29 kg.

So, the required steel reinforcement for the neck column is,

"25mmø bar = 94 kg
20mmø bar = 90 kg
10mmø bar = 29 kg"

Symbol I used in this post
ø - diameter of bar

c/c - center to center distance

' - foot

" - inch

ft - foot

kg - kilogram

nos - numbers

Your Turn:
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