Brick bond pattern is an arrangement of bricks. It’s usuallyoverlapping between courses (course means row of bricks). Bond patterns areused to distribute load and provide stability to masonry wall. Bonding can alsobe used for decorative purpose. To construct brick masonry wall we use somebond patterns. Masons are familiar with these bond patterns. As a civilengineer, we should have a through knowledge of the construction of each bond pattern.Below are the simple explanations of the tradition brick bond patterns whichare mostly used in brick wall construction:
|Running or Stretcher bond|
Common or American bond or English garden wall bond: Thisbond is a variation of the running bond with a course of full-length headers atregular intervals, generally every fifth, sixth, or seventh course.
English bond: This pattern consists of alternatecourses of headers and stretchers. The headers are centred on the stretchers.And the joints between the stretchers in courses are aligned vertically. Thisbond is the strongest bond for one-brick-thick wall. But, it’s seldom used inmasonry today due to high cost of laying a complex pattern.
|English cross bond|
|Block or Stacked bond|